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Berg Antoine YORO
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The new technology evolution, transform all human habits in all domains of the economic
and social life.
The technology in general, revolutions of the data processing and electronics shape in particular since decades the different society life.
Just before the 3 emes millennium it is time to become aware of consequences of the revolution of the new technologies of information and the communication (NTIC) on the society. Do several questioning put themselves to know : How must us to include to live in this new society of the information ? it is necessary to redefine the development ?
The research of information is a centennial problem, to possess it or to reveal it will be the weapon fatal of this new world. All price is necessary to master the NTIC.
Thanks to the NTIC information doesn't have any more gate and browse the globe in fractions of seconds, what pushes to understand the relation between highway information and the society.
The goal of this reflection is to try to understand perspectives that offer himself the humanity through these technologies and to see beyond these advantages, the type of behavior to adopt to live in this new redefined society; it is only a vision simplistic of our environment.
In Africa we are again only to the classic means (RADIO, TV ) ; I plead for a help of countries developed to the poor countries of the south in order to give them the luck to participate in this new deal of the contemporary world that is : information superhighways.
Finally, the rich countries must also help the poor countries of all continents to operate their technological transformations and must get up to date for a democratization of information.
Internet appears nowadays as the only means to bring closer men and to
break all ways of gates: Geographical, cultural, economic, technologies, social...
who imposes himself of herself to the society thanks to their speed, efficiency and their power to cover all the surface of the globe.
From that point of view we can put ourselves several questioning:
What relation does it exist between highway information and the new organisational type ? Is necessary to him to redefine the développement ang the new NGO activities, the society ?
In other words:
What is the influence of the NTIC in the society?
To answer to these different questioning us are going to analyze the situation of the these NTICS in the society and to succeed to answers to our questioning.
Presentation and explanation of the theme
With the revolution of electronics and the data processing highway informationhas for support networks of telecommunications (stationary, portable Telephone, Internet...) capable to transmit all type of information whatever is the place on earth.
One even goes farther with the arrival of telephony projects mobile satellite that cover
all the planet (Iridium, Mobil star, Teledisc...) and return information more and more
within reach of all; of where very important influence in the society.
2 - The Concept of society Redefined
Here we will keep the following definition: the society is the state of beings that
lives in organized group or together, of individuals united within a same
group by institutions, a culture...
3 Situation of the NTIC in the world
As analyzing these two definitions us is going to make the state of new technology
places in today's world.
In spite of different country obstructions, strength is to note that these technologies cost again too dear and return them inaccessible to the majority. What creates a society to double speed: a greatly to the perfume of informations s; the other again in the black of the under information. Not having access on TV information; therefore a society can measure the impact or the influence of the these NTIC that shape the society while opening him of news perspectives.
(Formation, abundant and fast information...)
From where a sketch of reflections that follows.
Influences of highway information on the redefined society
1The technological innovations applied to information and their influence in the society.
Here information bring back on the news that the society can have by the slant of the NTICS.
It is necessary to also hear by information, all information can be exploited in the
goal to pull a profit. All information needs to touch the majority of the population, and
in one record time from where the new technology use.
After the end of the "Cold war" information took other turns otherwise,
(economic, industrial spying, strategic information and geopolitics
), more and
more countries spend some huge sums to put in technological strategy uvres from
where the use of the NTIC by services of information that use some very pointed methods
because of the collection of information on a big scale. (Interception of satellites,
setting up of software of décryptage of conversations and the electronic mails), without
omitting some special ISPS capable to pass in transit and to treat thousand of byte (1tera
byte = 1000 billions of bytes) of information on their hard drives.
Information and cultural processes
The cultural process, whatever is the society is influenced by the behavior of men that lives in a region. The information descended of the new technologies vehicle also the other culture picture that can influence some process in other regions because being accessible of everywhere and print new manners to discern life.
For example a living people in forest, far from applications and innovations,
technological will see her cultural process to develop without no outside influence
because not having access to information coming besides.
2 - The Professional Training
Whatever is the society, the formation appears as the real weapon to develop. When one
observes countries, one notices that richest and developed are those that possess
prestigious schools, institutes, centers of research, universities
It is necessary to note that the classic formation to a very important role to play insofar as the teaching to need of the presence of a physical and present person before very well to be formed these NTICS then will make only only increase the new technics and methods of teaching.
All these new methods of formation, force the people to adjust, or even to think a new manner of quick the training of studies.
3 - The Politics
In the future , policies will only act only on the classic means of the highway informationof state (Radio, TV, Press..) To censor such or such information that it judges dangerous or destabilizing and especially in the poor countries where there are less private chains. (Radio, TV..)
The development of the NTICS to put at the disposal of the society of means to have access on TV information whatever is the place on earth.
The mobile telephone example that has access to Internet, using networks of telephony satellitaire moreover (Iridium, Mobil Star..) , watch well that in this new world leaders of countries should accept the democratic game while respecting the liberty of the press and of information.
One notices otherwise that countries where the democracy tramples on are afraid of the Internet and are not developed in general, but this deal is changing because in the future all medias will use a same support to propagate itself one will speak can be of united media to show that one alone terminal will be sufficient to use all technologies bound to the Clean the example of the Wap shows it already.
In relations between States technologies of highway informationencouraged and multiplied
4 - The economy
Today, the couple highway information+ economy = Clean economy or electronic Trade (e-business).
The only means of advertisements for the commercial products had been the radio and the
Tv for even some years and as the written press.
This clean - economy creates new types of behaviors in the society, one doesn't leave anymore to make shoppings, market, all is joined at the end of the mouse of the ordinateur ; once besides highway informationdecides the behavior of men.
But this clean economy doesn't always make the happy, because in the poor countries it
could be an utopia to reasons of infrastructures that are not developed very and the
classic communication means practically existing, roads to route goods, without forgetting
the lack of terminals airport, key of arch of the goods transportation on big distances.
whoever can open a site web nowadays even though he/it has the tendency to be a merchant,
but what strategies, middle and political setting up to be able to sell products
effectively and to conquer some real markets. Data bases of sites merchant référencement
should see the day for all country, all continent and interconnected to facilitate
research efficient of information in order to attract the more large number of customers.
Here applications of highway informationto the society are therefore very complex and multiple us are not going to enter in details, we wanted to only show the tie between highway informationand economy.
The emergence of the Startups watch well that in this new world the Neo economy obliges enterprises to pass a traditional vision to a vision in network, programmed where methods and the commercial strategies are function of product news waves bound to the data processing and all the modern applications.
5 - Health
No one can be unaware of the importance of highway informationnowadays in the domain of health. Physicians can exchange themselves results of their research or their diagnoses to follow their patients better.
But unfortunately, it is the richest countries that have access then to the NTICS they
have a more elevated standard of living that to the south where tools of information are
again the classic means (Radio, TV)
6 - Agriculture
One will be able to fight the problem of the hunger truly in the world that while improving the agricultural production. In this new world, the society more that arranges means of telecommunication and information covering all our planet in one record time ever.
The American peasant already uses highway informationto make effective production.
For example to have access to the agricultural information since field thanks to the portable computers joined to Internet via the PCMCIA cards (GSM) provided UMTS cellular phone. Result; first in agriculture on the plan, world. In the poor societies agriculture is exercised on the other hand again of rudimentary way, without reliable meteorological data, agriculture making itself without taking accounts of news discovered from where a very weak production often of bad quality. I think that States can mettrent in place of real accessible data bases of everywhere to inform peasants (Varieties, technicals..). Highway informationshows that societies applying him in the agricultural domain get better outputs
7- The NGO Activities
The Non Governmental Organizations (NGO) are obliged to use the new technologies to communicate and to take to good their activities. It allows them to transmit in one record time of works and information to coordinate their activities that cover several countries. For example " Dentaid " the NGO that takes care of populations through the world by their program of electric dental device repair put a Website in place to work better.
Nowadays no NGO can escape this new world of communication. It changes their manner to work and print them a new vision of general work . These technologies also allow the non governmental organizations to increase way import the number of their members thanks to their Internet Website.
I simply think that it is a luck to seize for these organizations
because it also decreases in a considerable way expenses.
Technologies bound information on TV in the society
The development of medias (Radio, Tv ) gave a considerable power to the society to be to the perfume of information coming from all corners of the globe. One attends today a parabolic antenna proliferation in many country what shows will more and more pronounced of the society to have access to information and this whatever is contained him. This classic shape is nowadays one of highway information jewels; what has for consequence a brewing cultural of the different societies that can be influenced positively or negatively.
The new technologies are the radio and the numeric TV capable to be
received in not to import what part of the of the planet.
All these technologies permitting to reach such performances are owed par in general:
1 The revolution of the data processing
No one is unaware of the real progress of the data processing, progress more and more exponentiel ; putting between hands of the processes die-hard society sophisticated to master highway informationor all technologies of the NTIC. It pushes us to put us the question of savoir : what are technologies that are the corner stone of the society of information.
Without entering in details us are going to brush these technologies that I classify in some groups :
2 The computer Network development
Allows the emergence of numerous architecture using some more and more standard protocols (TCP/IP ; HTTP ; FTP, SMTP, WAP,GPRS,UMTS ) without forgetting the computer language evolution bound to the Internet (HTML, XML, JAVA, PERL, PHP,SQL) that are opened more and usable by most the flat shapes machines of the society.
3-The ergonomics of systems
The evolution of the man interface plots increased the number of users of the NTICS, from where the virtual community spur. It represents a very important progress because making the use of tools more and more comfortable. In these virtual communities the religion, the life style, the distance, the culture cannot separate them because it federates according to the only criteria that is the passion or the different centers of interests (journeys, soccer, sciences) once besides, highway information allows these different communities to feel nearer whatever are the linguistic, cultural, social gates
4 The very important progress of telecommunication systems
The growth of networks to high debits whose applications touch the phone as well, the Television (TV), the internet to for consequence the increase of the speed and the flux of data of which has need the society to communicate.
There is also the performance of telecommunication satellites can cover any point of our sphere.
For example satellites to orbit bass used by the Project Iridium of Motorola capable to increase the terminal or portable device numbers (Phone, PC, MAC,), the immediate consequence is the access in real time to information whatever is their source, what returns the society more rapprochée s; not can live in autarcie, even though it wanted it.
Otherwise one can note the development of the Internet s machines;
the marriage of the Internet to the tools usual of the society.
The cellular telephones (provided of navigator Wap for Internet), all
it democratizes the access to information because every link of the society will choose
our tool of highway information according to stock market.
5 The rising rise of the micro-electronics
The electronic component miniaturization, the conception of new processes and the very appreciable electronic circuit decrease permitted in search of to evolve from where the convergence of the technologies multimedia that creates a real revolution of the numeric electronics that offers enormous possibilities (manipulation, storage very important of flux of information, and as the conception of processors networks ) and maybe soon of the GSMS cameras (in survey at home)
New types of facilities see the day (interactive Television, visiophone, webcam (camera for the web), digital camera.
In short we notice that technologies of highway informationare numerous and more and more varied what prints to the society many choice and of new life styles.
What society for tomorrow ?
Before approaching this topic it is necessary to recall that the society also has an influence on the NTIC ( New technologies of information and communication ) because it is it that decides what type of processes must be put under way without forgetting the desire of improvement, ergonomics and sophistication, it there has made of it a duality in this subject :
Highway information and redefinition of the society: The reciprocal influence of highway informationand the one of the new society.
It is necessary to also recall that these new societies create new type of uses and suppress some others.
Tomorrow will be the technological society that the humanity will have shaped voluntarily, a society where one won't speak of more highway informationbut rather of « Information-Society» in which the global village will become: « Chip Village » to materialize the speed of information through an electronic chip.
This new redefined society is going to change the physiognomy of communities that will see things in the same way in a global way completely but where most aware will dominate least aware and societies that will possess these tools of highway informationwill disrupt the processes cultural of the other the least advanced societies.
Is necessary to worry ?
(Confers the viruses I LOVE YOU, MELISSA .)
To redefine the society, one will rather speak about adapting the new society of the TIC ( Technologies of Information and Communication ) to our manner to live and to evolve with so, societies that master the NTIC will have more easiness to succeed in the way of the development. It is true all technological mutation begins by a phase of discovery and initiation, then it is very important for the different civilizations and societies to give themselves means to face challenges of this new millennium. We are now in the internationalization of information that permits the development or even a new definition of the society. During centuries, information to been considered always like stratégique ; it is always and it will be then in the future highway informationwith all advantages and inconveniences merit to be followed by Nations if they don't want to undergo the negative influences coming from the outside.
Finally note that the new technologies permit the redistribution of cards between the rich and poor, but doesn't represent forcing the corner stone to take the humanity of real problems that are: Food security, Health, the Peace and the protection of the Environment.
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Latest modification: 06/09/2001